dejected (adj.) Look up dejected at
"depressed at heart," 1580s, past participle adjective from deject. Related: Dejectedly (1610s).
dejection (n.) Look up dejection at
early 15c., from Old French dejection "abjection, depravity; casting down" and directly from Latin dejectionem (nominative dejectio), noun of action from past participle stem of dejicere "to cast down" (see deject).
deke (n.) Look up deke at
1960, ice hockey slang for a quick feinting move, short for decoy. The verb is attested from 1961.
delamination (n.) Look up delamination at
1877, from de- + lamination.
Delaware Look up Delaware at
U.S. state, river, Indian tribe, named for the bay, which was named for Baron (commonly "Lord") De la Warr (Thomas West, 1577-1618), first English colonial governor of Virginia. The family name is attested from 1201, from Delaware in Brasted, Kent, probably ultimately from de la werre "of the war" (a warrior), from Old French werre/guerre "war."
delay (v.) Look up delay at
c. 1300, from Old French delaiier, from de- "away, from" (see de-) + laier "leave, let," probably a variant of Old French laissier, from Latin laxare "slacken, undo" (see lax). Related: Delayed; delaying.
delay (n.) Look up delay at
mid-13c., from Old French delaie, from delaiier (see delay (v.)).
dele Look up dele at
typographer's direction to blot out a letter, from Latin dele, imperative singular of delere (see delete).
delectable (adj.) Look up delectable at
late 14c., from Old French delectable, from Latin delectabilis "delightful," from delectare (see delight (n.)). Related: Delectably.
delectation (n.) Look up delectation at
mid-14c., from Old French delectation "enjoyment" (12c.), from Latin delectationem (nominative delectatio), noun of action from past participle stem of delectare (see delight (n.)).
delegate (n.) Look up delegate at
late 15c., from Old French delegat or directly from Latin delegatus, past participle of delegare "to send as a representative," from de- "from, away" (see de-) + legare "send with a commission" (see legate).
delegate (v.) Look up delegate at
1520s (early 15c. as a past participle adjective), from delegate (n.). Related: Delegated; delegating.
delegation (n.) Look up delegation at
1610s, "action of delegating" (earlier in this sense was delegacie, mid-15c.); perhaps a native formation, perhaps from French délégation, or directly from Latin delegationem (nominative delegatio) "assignment, delegation," noun of action from past participle stem of delegare (see delegate). Meaning "persons sent by commission" is from 1818; meaning "a state's elected representatives, taken collectively," is U.S. political usage from 1820s.
delete (v.) Look up delete at
late 15c., "destroy, eradicate," from Latin deletus, past participle of delere "destroy, blot out, efface," from delevi, originally perfective tense of delinere "to daub, erase by smudging" (as of the wax on a writing table), from de- "from, away" (see de-) + linere "to smear, wipe" (see lime (n.1)). In English, specifically of written matter, from c. 1600. Related: Deleted; deleting.
deleterious (adj.) Look up deleterious at
1640s, from Medieval Latin deleterius, from Greek deleterios "noxious," from deleter "destroyer," from deleisthai "to hurt, injure." Related: Deleteriously; deleteriousness.
deletion (n.) Look up deletion at
1580s, from Latin deletionem (nominative deletio), noun of action from past participle stem of delere (see delete).
delf (n.) Look up delf at
late Old English dælf "trench, ditch, quarry," from gedelf "digging, a digging," from delfan "to dig" (see delve).
Delft Look up Delft at
town in Holland,named from its chief canal, from Dutch delf, literally "ditch, canal;" which is related to Old English dælf and modern delve. As a short form of delftware, attested from 1714.
delftware (n.) Look up delftware at
1714, from Delft, town in Holland where the glazed earthenware was made, + ware (n.).
Delhi Look up Delhi at
city in India, of unknown origin, perhaps connected to Hindi dehli "threshold," with reference to the watershed boundary between the Ganges and Indus, which is nearby.
deli (n.) Look up deli at
1954, short for delicatessen.
Delian (adj.) Look up Delian at
1620s, "of Delos," tiny island in the Aegean, birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Delian problem "find the length of the side of a cube having double the volume of a given cube," was set by the oracle at Delos when it answered (430 B.C.E.) that the plague in Athens would end when Apollo's (cube-shaped) altar was doubled. The Latin fem. form of the word became the proper name Delia.
deliberate (adj.) Look up deliberate at
early 15c., "done with careful consideration," from Latin deliberatus "resolved upon, determined," past participle of deliberare (see deliberation). Meaning "slow, consciously unhurried" is attested by 1590s. Related: Deliberately.
deliberate (v.) Look up deliberate at
1540s, from Latin deliberatus, past participle of deliberare (see deliberation). Related: Deliberated; deliberating.
deliberation (n.) Look up deliberation at
late 14c., Old French deliberation, from Latin deliberationem (nominative deliberatio), noun of action from past participle stem of deliberare "consider carefully, consult," literally "weigh well," from de- "entirely" (see de-) + -liberare, altered (probably by influence of liberare "to free, liberate") from librare "to balance, make level," from libra "pair of scales, a balance" (see Libra).
deliberative (adj.) Look up deliberative at
1550s, from Middle French délibératif or directly from Latin deliberativus "pertaining to deliberation," from past participle stem of deliberare (see deliberation). Related: Deliberatively; deliberativeness.
delibrate (v.) Look up delibrate at
1620s, "to pull off the bark of a tree," from Latin delibrare "to peel," from de- (see de-) + liber "bark" (see library).
delicacies (n.) Look up delicacies at
"things dainty and gratifying to the palate," mid-15c., from plural of delicacy.
delicacy (n.) Look up delicacy at
late 14c., "delightfulness; fastidiousness; quality of being addicted to sensuous pleasure," from delicate + -cy. Meaning "fineness, softness, tender loveliness" is from 1580s; that of "weakness of constitution" is from 1630s. Meaning "fine food, a dainty viand" is from early 15c.
delicate (adj.) Look up delicate at
late 14c., "self-indulgent, loving ease; delightful; sensitive, easily hurt; feeble," from Latin delicatus "alluring, delightful, dainty," also "addicted to pleasure, luxurious, effeminate;" which is of uncertain origin; related by folk etymology (and perhaps genuinely) to deliciae "a pet," and delicere "to allure, entice" (see delicious). Meaning "easily broken" is recorded from 1560s.
delicately (adv.) Look up delicately at
mid-14c., "luxuriously," from delicate + -ly (2). Meaning "softly, gently" is early 15c.
delicatessen (n.) Look up delicatessen at
1889, American English, from German delikatessen, plural of delikatesse "a delicacy, fine food," from French délicatesse (1560s), from délicat "fine," from Latin delicatus (see delicate).
delicious (adj.) Look up delicious at
c. 1300 (implied in deliciously), from Old French delicios (Modern French délicieux), from Late Latin deliciosus "delicious, delicate," from Latin delicia (plural deliciae) "a delight, allurement, charm," from delicere "to allure, entice," from de- "away" (see de-) + lacere "lure, deceive" (related to laqueus "noose, snare;" see lace). As a name of a type of apple, attested from 1903, first grown by Jesse Hiatt of Iowa, U.S.A. Colloquial shortening delish is attested from 1920.
deliciousness (n.) Look up deliciousness at
mid-15c., from delicious + -ness.
delict Look up delict at
1520s, from Latin delictum "fault, offense, crime," neuter singular of past participle of delinquere (see delinquent). Phrase in flagrant delict translates Latin in flagrante delicto.
deligate (v.) Look up deligate at
1840, from Latin deligatus "bound fast," from deligare "to bind fast," from de- (see de-) + ligare "to bind" (see ligament).
deligation (n.) Look up deligation at
1660s, noun of action from Latin deligare (see deligate).
delight (n.) Look up delight at
c. 1200, delit, from Old French delit "pleasure, delight, sexual desire," from delitier "please greatly, charm," from Latin delectare "to allure, delight, charm, please," frequentative of delicere "entice" (see delicious). Spelled delite until 16c. when it changed under influence of light, flight, etc.
delight (v.) Look up delight at
c. 1200, deliten, from Old French delitier (see delight (n.)). Related: Delighted; delighting.
delightful (adj.) Look up delightful at
c. 1400, from delight (n.) + -ful. Related: Delightfully.
Delilah Look up Delilah at
"temptress, treacherous lover," 1590s, from the name of the woman who seduced and betrayed Samson in Judges, from Hebrew Delilah, literally "delicate, languishing, amorous," from Semitic root d-l-l "to hang down, to languish."
delimit (v.) Look up delimit at
1852, from French délimiter (18c.), from Latin delimitare "to mark out as a boundary," from de- (see de-) + limitare, from limitem, limes "boundary, limit" (see limit (n.)). Related: Delimited; delimiting.
delimitation (n.) Look up delimitation at
1836, from French délimitation (18c.), noun of action from délimiter (see delimit).
delimiter (n.) Look up delimiter at
1960, in computing, agent noun from delimit.
delineate (v.) Look up delineate at
1550s, from Latin delineatus, past participle of delineare "to sketch out," from de- "completely" (see de-) + lineare "draw lines," from linea "line" (see line (n.)). Related: Delineated; delineating.
delineation (n.) Look up delineation at
1560s, native formation from delineate, or else from Latin delineationem (nominative delineatio) "sketch, description," noun of action from past participle stem of delineare (see delineate).
delinquency (n.) Look up delinquency at
1630s, from Latin delinquentia "fault, crime, delinquency," from delinquentem (see delinquent).
delinquent (n.) Look up delinquent at
late 15c., from Middle French délinquant, from present participle of délinquer (15c.), and directly from Latin delinquentum (nominative delinquens), present participle of delinquere "to fail; be wanting, fall short; offend," from de- "completely" (see de-) + linquere "to leave" (see relinquish). As an adjective, from c. 1600.
deliquesce (v.) Look up deliquesce at
1756, in chemistry, from Latin deliquescere "to melt away," from de- (see de-) + liquescere "to melt," from liquere "to be liquid" (see liquid (adj.)). General use dates from 1858.
deliquescent (adj.) Look up deliquescent at
1791, in chemistry, from Latin deliquescentem (nominative deliquescens), present participle of deliquescere (see deliquesce). General use dates from 1866. Related: Deliquescence.