Andorra Look up Andorra at
probably from indigenous (Navarrese) andurrial "shrub-covered land."
andouille (n.) Look up andouille at
type of sausage, c. 1600, from French andouille (12c.), from Latin inductilia, neuter plural of inductilis, from inducere "to load or put in" (see induct). The original notion was perhaps of the filling "introduced" into the sausage.
Andrew Look up Andrew at
masc. proper name, from Old French Andreu (Modern French André), from Latin Andreas, from Greek Andreas, from andreios "manly," from aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-). Andrew Millar (1590s) for some forgotten reason became English naval slang for "government authority," and especially "the Royal Navy." St. Andrew (feast day Nov. 30) has long been regarded as patron saint of Scotland. The Andrew's cross (c. 1400) supposedly resembles the one St. Andrew was crucified on.
andro- Look up andro- at
word-forming element meaning "man, male," from Greek andro-, comb. form of aner (genitive andros) "man, male" (see anthropo-).
androcentric (adj.) Look up androcentric at
1887, from andro- + -centric.
androcentricity (n.) Look up androcentricity at
1907; see androcentric + -ity.
androcentrism (n.) Look up androcentrism at
1915; see androcentric + -ism.
androcracy (n.) Look up androcracy at
"rule or supremacy of men," 1883; see andro- + -cracy. Related: Androcratic.
androgen (n.) Look up androgen at
male sex hormone, 1936, from andro- + -gen.
androgyne (n.) Look up androgyne at
"hermaphrodite," mid-12c., from Medieval Latin androgyne, from Greek androgyne (see androgynous).
androgynous (adj.) Look up androgynous at
1620s, from Latin androgynus, from Greek androgynos "hermaphrodite, male and female in one; womanish man;" as an adjective (of baths) "common to men and women," from andros, genitive of aner "male" (see anthropo-) + gyne "woman" (see queen).
androgyny (n.) Look up androgyny at
1833; see androgynous.
android (n.) Look up android at
"automaton resembling a human being," 1837, in early use often in reference to automated chess players, from Modern Latin androides (itself attested as a Latin word in English from 1727), from Greek andro- "male" (see andro-) + -eides "form, shape" (see -oid). Greek androdes meant "like a man, manly;" compare also Greek andrias "image of a man, statue." Listed as "rare" in OED 1st edition (1879), popularized from c. 1951 by science fiction writers.
Andromache Look up Andromache at
wife of Hector, Latin Andromache, from Greek Andromakhe, perhaps literally "whose husband excells in fighting," fem. of andromakhos "fighting with men;" see anthropo- + -machy.
Andromeda Look up Andromeda at
constellation, 1667 (earlier Andromece, mid-15c.); in classical mythology the daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopeia, from Greek, literally "mindful of her husband," from andros, genitive of aner "man" (see anthropo-) + medesthai "to be mindful of, think on," related to medea (neuter plural) "counsels, plans, devices, cunning" (and source of the name Medea).
andron (n.) Look up andron at
men's apartment in a house, from Greek andron, collateral form of andronitis "men's apartment," from aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-).
androphobia (n.) Look up androphobia at
"morbid fear of the male sex" (sometimes, rather, "of the human race" or "of crowds), 1844, from andro- + -phobia. Related: Androphobic.
Andy Look up Andy at
familiar shortening of masc. proper name Andrew (q.v.).
anear (adv.) Look up anear at
"nearly," c. 1600, from a- (1) + near.
anecdotage (n.) Look up anecdotage at
"anecdotes collectively," 1823, from anecdote + -age. As a jocular coinage meaning "garrulous old age" it is recorded from 1835, and led to anecdotard.
anecdotal (adj.) Look up anecdotal at
1794, from anecdote + -al (1). Related: Anecdotally. Anecdotical is attested from 1744.
anecdote (n.) Look up anecdote at
1670s, "secret or private stories," from French anecdote (17c.) or directly from Greek anekdota "things unpublished," neuter plural of anekdotos, from an- "not" (see an-) + ekdotos "published," from ek- "out" + didonai "to give" (see date (n.1)).

Procopius' 6c. Anecdota, unpublished memoirs of Emperor Justinian full of court gossip, gave the word a sense of "revelation of secrets," which decayed in English to "brief, amusing stories" (1761).
anechoic (adj.) Look up anechoic at
1948, in electronics, from an- (1) "not" + echoic.
anemia (n.) Look up anemia at
alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemia (q.v.). See ae. As a genus of plants, Modern Latin, from Greek aneimon "unclad," from privative prefix an- (see an- (1)) + eima "a dress, garment" (see wear (v.)).
anemic (adj.) Look up anemic at
alternative (chiefly U.S.) spelling of anaemic (q.v.). See ae.
anemo- Look up anemo- at
before vowels anem-, word-forming element meaning "wind," from comb. form of Greek anemos (see anemone).
anemometer (n.) Look up anemometer at
1727, from anemo- "wind" + -meter.
anemone (n.) Look up anemone at
flowering plant genus, 1550s, from Middle French anemone (16c.) and directly from Latin anemone, from Greek anemone "wind flower," literally "daughter of the wind," from anemos "wind" (cognate with Latin anima; see animus) + -one feminine patronymic suffix. According to Asa Gray, so called because it was thought to open only when the wind blows. Klein suggests the flower name perhaps originally is from Hebrew (compare na'aman, in nit'e na'amanim, literally "plants of pleasantness," in Is. xvii:10, from na'em "was pleasant"). Applied to a type of sea creature (sea anemone) from 1773.
anencephalic (adj.) Look up anencephalic at
"having no brain" (biology), 1839, from Greek anenkephalos, from privative prefix an- (see an- (1)) + enkephalos "brain" (see encephalitis) + -ic.
anent (prep.) Look up anent at
"concerning, about," early 13c., onont "on level with," also "in the company of, fronting against," from Old English on efn "near to, close by," originally "on even (ground) with;" the parasitic -t added 12c. A northern form (in Midlands, anenst, with adverbial genitive), affected by English writers in Scottish sense of "in respect or reference to." Compare German neben "near to, by the side of," short for in eben, from Old High German ebani "equality."
anesthesia (n.) Look up anesthesia at
1721, "loss of feeling," Modern Latin, from Greek anaisthesia "want of feeling, lack of sensation (to pleasure or pain)," from an- "without" (see an- (1)) + aisthesis "feeling," from PIE root *au- "to perceive" (see audience). With abstract noun ending -ia. As "a procedure for the prevention of pain in surgical operations," from 1846.
anesthesiologist (n.) Look up anesthesiologist at
1943, American English, from anesthesiology + -ist.
anesthesiology (n.) Look up anesthesiology at
1908, from anesthesia + -ology.
Anesthesiology. This is the new term adopted by the University of Illinois defining "the science that treats of the means and methods of producing in man or animal various degrees of insensibility with or without hypnosis." ["Medical Herald," January, 1912]
anesthetic (adj.) Look up anesthetic at
1846, "insensible," from Greek anaisthetos "insensate, without feeling; senseless, stupid" (see anesthesia). Noun meaning "agent that produces anesthesia" first used in modern sense 1848 by Scottish doctor James Young Simpson (1811-1870), discoverer of the surgical uses of chloroform.
anesthetist (n.) Look up anesthetist at
1861; see anesthesia + -ist.
anesthetize (v.) Look up anesthetize at
1848, from Greek anaisthetos (see anesthesia) + -ize. Related: Anesthetized; anesthetizing.
aneuploidy (n.) Look up aneuploidy at
abnormal number of chromosomes, 1934, from aneuploid (1931), Modern Latin, coined 1922 by G. Täckholm from an- (1) "not" + euploid, from Greek eu- "well, good" (see eu-) + -ploid, from ploos "fold" (see -plus) + -oid.
aneurism (n.) Look up aneurism at
the less correct, but more popular, spelling of aneurysm (q.v.), by influence of words in -ism. The -y- is etymologically correct; the spelling with -i- suggests a meaning "nervelessness."
aneurysm (n.) Look up aneurysm at
early 15c., from Medieval Latin aneurisma, from Greek aneurysmos "dilation," from aneurynein "to dilate," from ana- "up" (see ana-) + eurynein "widen," from eurys "broad, wide" (see eury-).
anew (adv.) Look up anew at
c. 1300, a neue, from Old English of-niowe; see a- (1) + new. One-word form dominant from c. 1400.
anext (adv.) Look up anext at
"next to," c. 1400, from a- (1) + next.
anfractuous (adj.) Look up anfractuous at
"full of windings and turnings," 1620s, from Latin anfractuous, from anfractus "a winding, a turning, bending round," especially "a circuitous route," from am(bi)- "around" (see ambi-) + fractus, past participle of frangere "to break" (see fraction). Related: Anfractuosity.
angel (n.) Look up angel at
14c. fusion of Old English engel (with hard -g-) and Old French angele, both from Latin angelus, from Greek angelos "messenger, envoy, one that announces," possibly related to angaros "mounted courier," both from an unknown Oriental word (Watkins compares Sanskrit ajira- "swift;" Klein suggests Semitic sources). Used in Scriptural translations for Hebrew mal'akh (yehowah) "messenger (of Jehovah)," from base l-'-k "to send." An Old English word for it was aerendgast, literally "errand-spirit."

Of persons, "loving; lovely," by 1590s. The medieval gold coin (a new issue of the noble, first struck 1465 by Edward VI) was so called for the image of archangel Michael slaying the dragon, which was stamped on it. It was the coin given to patients who had been "touched" for the King's Evil. Angel food cake is from 1881; angel dust "phencyclidine" is from 1968.
Angela Look up Angela at
fem. proper name, Latin fem. of angelus "angel" (see angel).
Angeleno (n.) Look up Angeleno at
"resident or native of Los Angeles," 1888, from American Spanish Angeleño, from (Los) Angeles + -eño, suffix indicating a native or resident. See Los Angeles.
angelfish (n.) Look up angelfish at
also angel-fish, 1660s, from angel + fish (n.); so called for its "wings."
angelic (adj.) Look up angelic at
late 15c., "pertaining to angels," from Old French angelique "angelic" (Modern French angélique (13c.), from Latin angelicus, from Greek angelikos "angelic," from angelos (see angel). Meaning "angel-like" is from late 14c.; sense of "wonderfully pure, sweet" is recorded from early 16c. Related: Angelically.
Angelica Look up Angelica at
fem. proper name, Latin fem. of angelicus "angelic" (see angel).
Angelina Look up Angelina at
fem. proper name, diminutive of Angela.
angelolatry (n.) Look up angelolatry at
"worship of angels," 1847, from angel + -latry.