gut-bucket (adj.) Look up gut-bucket at
in reference to jazz, "earthy," by 1929, supposedly originally a reference to the buckets which caught the drippings, or gutterings, from barrels. Which would connect it to gutter (v.).
gutless (adj.) Look up gutless at
"cowardly," 1900, from gut (n.) in the figurative "spirit" sense (see guts) + -less. Literal sense "disemboweled" is from c. 1600. Related: Gutlessly; gutlessness.
guts (n.) Look up guts at
"spirit, courage," 1893, figurative plural of gut (n.). The idea of the bowels as the seat of the spirit goes back to at least mid-14c. (compare bowel).
gutsy (adj.) Look up gutsy at
"tough, plucky," 1893, from guts + -y (2). Earlier it meant "greedy" (1803).
gutta-percha (n.) Look up gutta-percha at
1845, from Malay getah percha, literally "the gum of percha," the name of the tree; the form of the word was influenced by Latin gutta "drop." As the name of the tree itself, from 1860.
gutter (n.) Look up gutter at
late 13c., "watercourse, water drainage channel along the side of a street," from Anglo-French gotere, Old French guitere, goutiere "gutter, spout" of water (12c., Modern French gouttière), from goute "a drop," from Latin gutta "a drop" (see gout). Meaning "furrow made by running water" is from 1580s. Meaning "trough under the eaves of a roof to carry off rainwater" is from mid-14c. Figurative sense of "low, profane" is from 1818. In printers' slang, from 1841.
gutter (v.) Look up gutter at
late 14c., "to make or run in channels" (transitive), from gutter (n.). Intransitive use, in reference to candles (1706) it is from the channel that forms as the molten wax flows off. Related: Guttered; guttering.
guttersnipe (n.) Look up guttersnipe at
also gutter-snipe, 1857, from gutter (n.) + snipe (n.); originally Wall Street slang for "streetcorner broker," attested later (1869) as "street urchin," also "one who gathers rags and paper from gutters." As a name for the common snipe, it dates from 1874 but is perhaps earlier.
guttural (adj.) Look up guttural at
"pertaining to the throat," 1590s, from Middle French guttural, from Latin guttur "throat, gullet," perhaps expressive of throat-noises. "Note that gula, glut- and gurgulio also refer to the 'throat' and 'swallowing', and also contain g(l)u-. Guttur may belong to this same family, which has no PIE etymology" [de Vaan]. The noun, in linguistics, is from 1690s.
guv (n.) Look up guv at
1890, shortening of guvner, casual British pronunciation of governor as a title of respect.
guy (n.1) Look up guy at
"small rope, chain, wire," 1620s, nautical; earlier "leader" (mid-14c.), from Old French guie "a guide," also "a crane, derrick," from guier (see guide (v.)); or from a related word in North Sea Germanic.
guy (n.2) Look up guy at
"fellow," 1847, American English; earlier, in British English (1836) "grotesquely or poorly dressed person," originally (1806) "effigy of Guy Fawkes," leader of the Gunpowder Plot to blow up British king and Parliament (Nov. 5, 1605). The effigies were paraded through the streets by children on the anniversary of the conspiracy. The male proper name is from French, related to Italian Guido.
Guyana Look up Guyana at
from a native word perhaps meaning "respectable." Related: Guyanese.
guyot (n.) Look up guyot at
"flat-topped submarine mountain," 1946, named for Swiss geographer/geologist Arnold Guyot (1807-1884).
guzzle (v.) Look up guzzle at
1570s, "swallow liquid greedily" (intransitive), 1580s in transitive sense, probably related to Old French gosillier "to go down the gullet; to vomit, chatter, talk," from gosier (13c.) "jaws, throat, gullet." Or imitative of the sound of drinking greedily. Related: Guzzled; guzzling.
guzzle (n.) Look up guzzle at
1590s, "a drain," from guzzle (v.). From 1704 as "liquor," 1836 as "bout of heavy drinking."
guzzler (n.) Look up guzzler at
1704, agent noun from guzzle (v.).
Gwen Look up Gwen at
fem. proper name, typically short for Gwendolyn.
Gwendolyn Look up Gwendolyn at
fem. proper name; the first element is Breton gwenn "white" (source also of Welsh gwyn, Old Irish find, Gaelic fionn, Gaulish vindo- "white, shining," literally "visible"), from nasalized form of PIE root *weid- "to see, know" (see vision).
gybe (v.2) Look up gybe at
alternative spelling of jibe.
gybe (v.1) Look up gybe at
"swing from one side to the other," nautical, 1690s, probably from older Dutch gijben, related to German gieben, of uncertain origin.
gym (n.) Look up gym at
short for gymnasium, 1871, U.S. student slang.
gymkhana (n.) Look up gymkhana at
1854, Anglo-Indian, said to be from Hindustani gend-khana, literally "ball house," said in Yule & Burnell's 1886 glossary of Anglo-Indian words to be "the name usually given in Hindu to an English racket-court." The second element is from Middle Persian khan "house," from Iranian *ahanam "seat," from PIE *es- "to sit." Altered in English by influence of gymnasium, etc.
gymnasium (n.) Look up gymnasium at
1590s, "place of exercise," from Latin gymnasium "school for gymnastics," from Greek gymnasion "public place where athletic exercises are practiced; gymnastics school," in plural, "bodily exercises," from gymnazein "to exercise or train," literally or figuratively, literally "to train naked," from gymnos "naked," from a metathesis of PIE *nogw-mo-, suffixed form of *nogw- "naked" (see naked).

A feature of all ancient Greek communities, at first it was merely an open space, later with extensive facilities and including training for the mind as well as the body. Hence its use in German from 15c. as a name for "high school" (more or less paralleling a sense also in Latin); in English it has remained purely athletic. For the "continental high school sense," English in 19c. sometimes used gymnastical as an adjective, gymnasiast for a student.
gymnast (n.) Look up gymnast at
1590s, "one who is expert in gymnastics," a back-formation from gymnastic. Greek gymnastes was "a trainer of professional athletes."
gymnastic (adj.) Look up gymnastic at
1570s, "pertaining to athletic exercise," from Latin gymnasticus, from Greek gynmastikos "fond of or skilled in bodily exercise," from gymnazein "to exercise or train" (see gymnasium).
gymnastics (n.) Look up gymnastics at
1650s, from gymnastic; also see -ics.
gymno- Look up gymno- at
before vowels gymn-, word-forming element meaning "naked, stripped, bare," from comb. form of Greek gymnos "naked, unclad; bare, mere," from a metathesis of PIE *nogw-mo-, suffixed form of *nogw- "naked" (see naked).
gymnosophist (n.) Look up gymnosophist at
c. 1400, from Greek gymnosophistai "the naked philosophers," from gymnos "naked" (see naked) + sophistes "wise man" (see sophist). Ancient Hindu holy men whose self-denial extended to clothes; they were known to the later Greeks through the reports of Alexander the Great's soldiers.
gymnosperm (n.) Look up gymnosperm at
1836, from French gymnosperme and Modern Latin gymnospermae (plural, 17c.), literally "naked seed" (i.e., not enclosed in an ovary), from gymno- "naked" + sperma "seed" (see sprout (v.)). Related: Gymnospermous.
gynaecolatry (n.) Look up gynaecolatry at
"worship of women," 1888; see gyneco- + -latry. Related: Gynaecolater; gynaecolatrous.
gynarchy (n.) Look up gynarchy at
"government by women or a woman," 1570s, from Greek gyne "woman, wife," from PIE *gwen- "woman" (see queen) + -arkhe "rule" (see archon). Synonymous gynaecocracy (from Greek gynaikokratia) and gyneocracy are attested from 1610s; gynocracy is from 1728.
gyneco- Look up gyneco- at
also gynaeco-, before a vowel gynec-, word-forming element meaning "woman, female," from Latinized form of Greek gynaiko-, comb. form of gyne "woman, female," from PIE root *gwen- "woman" (see queen).
gynecological (adj.) Look up gynecological at
also gynaecological, 1858, from gynecology + -ical. Related: Gynecologically.
gynecologist (n.) Look up gynecologist at
also gynaecologist, 1851, from gynecology + -ist.
gynecology (n.) Look up gynecology at
also gynaecology, "science of women's health and of the diseases peculiar to women," 1847, from French gynécologie, from Latinized form of Greek gynaiko-, comb. form of gyne "woman, female," from PIE *gwen- "woman" (see queen). Second element is from French -logie "study of," from Greek (see -logy). Another word for it was gyniatrics.
gynecomastia (n.) Look up gynecomastia at
also gynaecomastia, gynecomasty, "condition of a man having breasts like a woman's," 1881, from gyneco- "woman, female" + Latinized form of Greek mazos "breast," variant of mastos (see masto-) + abstract noun ending -ia.
gyno- Look up gyno- at
word-forming element especially in modern medical and botanical words equivalent to gyneco-.
gyp (v.) Look up gyp at
also gip, "to cheat, swindle," 1889, American English, traditionally derived from Gypsy (n.). Gyp/gip/jip is attested from 1794 as university slang for a servant that waited on students in their halls. This is said to have been especially a Cambridge word, and a story told there derived it from Greek gyps "vulture," in reference to thievish habits of the servants.

As a noun, "fraudulent action, a cheat," by 1914. Gypsy's abbreviated form Gip, Gyp is attested from 1840. Gypping or gipping was a term late 19c. among horse dealers for tricks such as painting the animal's gray hairs brown, puffing the gums, etc. Related: Gypped.
gypsophila (n.) Look up gypsophila at
genus of the pink family, 1771, from Modern Latin (Linnaeus), from Greek gypsos "chalk, gypsum" (see gypsum) + philein "to love" (see philo-).
gypsum (n.) Look up gypsum at
substance (hydrated calcium sulphate) used in making plaster, late 14c., from Latin gypsum, from Greek gypsos "chalk," according to Klein, a word perhaps of Semitic origin (compare Arabic jibs, Hebrew gephes "plaster").
Gypsy (n.) Look up Gypsy at
also gipsy, c. 1600, alteration of gypcian, a worn-down Middle English dialectal form of egypcien "Egyptian," from the supposed origin of the people. As an adjective, from 1620s. Compare British gippy (1889) a modern shortened colloquial form of Egyptian.

Cognate with Spanish Gitano and close in sense to Turkish and Arabic Kipti "gypsy," literally "Coptic;" but in Middle French they were Bohémien (see bohemian), and in Spanish also Flamenco "from Flanders." "The gipsies seem doomed to be associated with countries with which they have nothing to do" [Weekley]. Zingari, the Italian and German name, is of unknown origin. Romany is from the people's own language, a plural adjective form of rom "man." Gipsy was the preferred spelling in England. The name is also in extended use applied to "a person exhibiting any of the qualities attributed to Gipsies, as darkness of complexion, trickery in trade, arts of cajolery, and, especially as applied to a young woman, playful freedom or innocent roguishness of action or manner" [Century Dictionary]. As an adjective from 1620s with a sense "unconventional; outdoor."
gyrate (v.) Look up gyrate at
"move in a circle or spiral," 1763 (implied in gyrated), back-formation from gyration. Related: Gyrated; gyrating.
gyration (n.) Look up gyration at
1610s, noun of action from gyre (v.).
gyre (n.) Look up gyre at
1560s, "a circular motion," from Latin gyrus "circle, circular course, round, ring," from Greek gyros "a circle, ring," related to gyrós "rounded," perhaps from PIE root *geu- "to bend, curve" (source also of Armenian kor "crooked," Lithuanian gurnas "hip, ankle, bone," Norwegian kaure "a curly lock of hair"). The noun is attested in Middle English only in reference to ship's tackle (early 15c.).
gyre (v.) Look up gyre at
mid-15c., "turn (something) away (from something else); rotate" (transitive), "cause to revolve;" also "go in a circle, turn round" (intransitive), from Old French girer and directly from Latin gyrare, verb derived from gyrus "circle, circular course, round, ring" (see gyre (n.)). Related: Gyred; gyring.
gyrfalcon (n.) Look up gyrfalcon at
large falcon used in hawking, also gerfalcon, c. 1200, partly Englished from Old French girfauc "large northern falcon," probably from a Frankish compound with Latin falco "hawk" (see falcon) + first element meaning "vulture," from Proto-Germanic *ger (source of Old High German gir "vulture"). Folk etymology since the Middle Ages has connected it with Latin gyrus (see gyre (n.)) in reference to "circling" in the air.
gyro (n.) Look up gyro at
sandwich made from roasted lamb, 1971, originally the meat itself, as roasted on a rotating spit, from Modern Greek gyros "a circle" (see gyre (n.)). Mistaken in English for a plural and shorn of its -s.
gyro- Look up gyro- at
word-forming element meaning "gyrating" or "gyroscope," from comb. form of Greek gyros "a ring, circle" (see gyre (n.)).
gyrocopter (n.) Look up gyrocopter at
1915, from gyro- + ending as in helicopter.