deportee (n.) Look up deportee at
1895; see deport (v.2) + -ee.
deportment (n.) Look up deportment at
c. 1600, from Middle French déportement, from déporter "to behave," from Old French deporter (see deport (v.1)).
depose (v.) Look up depose at
c. 1300, from Old French deposer (12c.), from de- "down" (see de-) + poser "put, place" (see pose (v.1)). Related: Deposed; deposing.
deposit (v.) Look up deposit at
1620s, from Latin depositus, past participle of deponere "lay aside, put down, deposit," also used of births and bets, from de- "away" (see de-) + ponere "to put, place" (past participle positus; see position (n.)). Related: Deposited; depositing.
deposit (n.) Look up deposit at
1620s, from Latin depositum, from deponere (see deposit (v.)). Geological sense is from 1781; monetary sense is from 1737.
deposition (n.) Look up deposition at
late 14c., "dethronement, putting down from dignity or authority," from Old French deposicion (12c.), from Latin depositionem (nominative depositio), noun of action from past participle stem of deponere (see deposit (v.)).

Meaning "statements made in court under oath" is from early 15c. Meaning "action of depositing" is from 1590s. Properly, deposition belongs to deposit, but deposit and depose have become totally confused and English deposition partakes of senses belonging to both.
depositor (n.) Look up depositor at
1560s, agent noun in Latin form from deposit (v.).
depository (n.) Look up depository at
"place where things are deposited," 1750, from Medieval Latin depositorium, from deposit-, past participle stem of Latin deponere (see deposit (v.)) + -orium (see -ory).
depot (n.) Look up depot at
1795, "warehouse," from French dépôt "a deposit, place of deposit," from Old French depost "a deposit or pledge," from Latin depositum "a deposit," noun use of neuter past participle of deponere "lay aside" (see deposit (v.)). Military sense is from 1798; meaning "railway station" is first recorded 1842, American English.
deprave (v.) Look up deprave at
late 14c., "corrupt, lead astray, pervert," from Old French depraver (14c.) or directly from Latin depravare "distort, disfigure;" figuratively "to pervert, seduce, corrupt," from de- "completely" (see de-) + pravus "crooked." Related: Depraved; depraving.
depravity (n.) Look up depravity at
1640s; see deprave + -ity. Earlier in same sense was pravity.
deprecate (v.) Look up deprecate at
1620s, "to pray against or for deliverance from," from Latin deprecatus, past participle of deprecari "to pray (something) away" (see deprecation). Meaning "to express disapproval" is from 1640s. Related: Deprecated, deprecating.
deprecation (n.) Look up deprecation at
c. 1500, "prayer to avert evil," from Middle French deprécation, from Latin deprecationem (nominative deprecatio), from past participle stem of deprecari "plead in excuse, avert by prayer," literally "to pray (something) away," from de- "away" (see de-) + precari "pray" (see pray). Sense of "disapproval" is first attested 1610s.
deprecative (adj.) Look up deprecative at
mid-15c., "praying for deliverance," from Middle French déprécatif (13c.), from Late Latin deprecativus, from past participle stem of Latin deprecari (see deprecation). Related: Deprecatively.
deprecatory (adj.) Look up deprecatory at
1580s, from Late Latin deprecatorius, from deprecat-, past participle stem of deprecari (see deprecation).
depreciate (v.) Look up depreciate at
mid-15c., from Latin depretiatus, past participle of depretiare "to lower the price of, undervalue," from de- "down" (see de-) + pretium "price" (see price (n.)). Related: Depreciated; depreciating; depreciatory.
depreciation (n.) Look up depreciation at
1767, "a lowering of value" (originally of currency), noun of action from depreciate. Meaning "loss of value of a durable good by age or wear" is from 1900.
depredate (v.) Look up depredate at
1620s, from Latin depredatus, past participle of depraedare "to pillage, ravage" (see depredation).
depredation (n.) Look up depredation at
late 15c., from Middle French déprédation, from Late Latin depraedationem (nominative depraedatio) "a plundering," from past participle stem of Latin depraedari "to pillage," from de- "thoroughly" (see de-) + praedari "to plunder," literally "to make prey of," from praeda "prey" (see prey (n.)).
depress (v.) Look up depress at
early 14c., "put down by force," from Old French depresser, from Late Latin depressare, frequentative of Latin deprimere "press down," from de- "down" (see de-) + premere "to press" (see press (v.1)). Meaning "push down physically" is from early 15c.; that of "deject, make gloomy" is from 1620s; economic sense of "lower in value" is from 1878. Related: Depressed; depressing.
depressant (n.) Look up depressant at
"sedative," 1876 as a noun, 1887 as an adjective; see depress + -ant.
depression (n.) Look up depression at
late 14c. as a term in astronomy, from Old French depression (14c.) or directly from Latin depressionem (nominative depressio), noun of action from past participle stem of deprimere "to press down, depress" (see depress).

Attested from 1650s in the literal sense; meaning "dejection, depression of spirits" is from early 15c. (as a clinical term in psychology, from 1905); meteorological sense is from 1881 (in reference to barometric pressure); meaning "a lowering or reduction in economic activity" was in use by 1826; given a specific application (with capital D-) by 1934 to the one that began worldwide in 1929. For "melancholy, depression" an Old English word was grevoushede.
A melancholy leading to desperation, and known to theologians under the name of 'acedia,' was not uncommon in monasteries, and most of the recorded instances of medieval suicides in Catholicism were by monks. [Lecky, "History of European Morals"]
depressive (adj.) Look up depressive at
1610s, from Latin depress-, past participle stem of deprimere (see depress) + -ive. In psychology, from 1905.
deprivation (n.) Look up deprivation at
mid-15c., "removal from office or position," from Medieval Latin deprivationem (nominative deprivatio), noun of action from past participle stem of deprivare (see deprive).
deprive (v.) Look up deprive at
mid-14c., from Old French depriver, from Medieval Latin deprivare, from Latin de- "entirely" (see de-) + privare "release from" (see private). Replaced Old English bedælan. Related: Deprived; depriving.
deprived (adj.) Look up deprived at
1550s, "dispossessed," past participle adjective from deprive. As a euphemism for the condition of children who lack a stable home life, by 1945.
deprogram (v.) Look up deprogram at
"release from cult brainwashing," 1973, from de- + program (v.). Related: Deprogrammed; deprogramming.
dept. Look up dept. at
abbreviation of department, attested from 1869.
depth (n.) Look up depth at
late 14c., apparently formed in Middle English on model of length, breadth; from Old English deop "deep" (see deep) + -th (2). Replaced older deopnes "deepness." Though the English word is relatively recent, the formation is in Proto-Germanic, *deupitho-, and corresponds to Old Saxon diupitha, Dutch diepte, Old Norse dypð, Gothic diupiþa.
deputation (n.) Look up deputation at
late 14c., noun of action from depute (v.).
depute (v.) Look up depute at
mid-14c., "to appoint, assign," from Middle French deputer, from Late Latin deputare "destine, allot" (see deputy). Related: Deputed; deputing.
deputize (v.) Look up deputize at
1730s; see deputy + -ize. Related: Deputized; deputizing.
deputy (n.) Look up deputy at
c. 1400, "one given the full power of an officer without holding the office," from Anglo-French deputé, noun use of past participle of Middle French députer "appoint, assign" (14c.), from Late Latin deputare "to destine, allot," in classical Latin "to esteem, consider, consider as," literally "to cut off, prune," from de- "away" (see de-) + putare "to think, count, consider," literally "to cut, prune" (see pave).
deracinate (n.) Look up deracinate at
1590s, "to pluck up by the roots," from French déraciner, from Old French desraciner "uproot, dig out, pull up by the roots," from des- (see dis-) + racine "root," from Late Latin radicina, diminutive of Latin radix (see radish). Related: Deracinated.
derail (v.) Look up derail at
1850, in both transitive and intransitive senses, from French dérailler "to go off the rails," from de- (see de-) + railler (see rail (n.1)). In general use first in U.S. Related: Derailed; derailing.
derailleur (n.) Look up derailleur at
type of bicycle gear mechanism, 1930, from French dérailleur (1927), from dérailler "to go off the rails" (see derail).
derailment (n.) Look up derailment at
1850, from French déraillement, from dérailler "to go off the rails" (see derail).
derange (v.) Look up derange at
1776, "throw into confusion," from French déranger, from Old French desrengier "disarrange, throw into disorder," from des- "do the opposite of" (see dis-) + Old French rengier (Modern French ranger) "to put into line," from reng "line, row," from a Germanic source (see rank (n.)). Mental sense first recorded c. 1790.
deranged (adj.) Look up deranged at
c. 1790, "insane;" of things, "out of order," from 1796; past participle adjective from derange (v.).
derangement (n.) Look up derangement at
1737, "disturbance of regular order," from French dérangement (17c.), from déranger (see derange). Of mental order, from 1800.
derby (n.) Look up derby at
type of hat," manufactured in U.S. 1850, name appears 1870, perhaps from annual Derby horse race in England, where this type of hat was worn. Race was begun 1780 by the 12th Earl of Derby; the name was used for any major horse race after 1875. Derby the English shire is Old English Deorby "deer village," from deor "deer" + by "habitation, homestead," from a Scandinavian source (see bylaw).
derecho (n.) Look up derecho at
from American Spanish derecho, from Old Spanish diestro, from Latin directus (see direct (v.)).
deregulate (v.) Look up deregulate at
1963, back-formation from deregulation. Related: Deregulated; deregulating.
derelict (adj.) Look up derelict at
1640s, from Latin derelictus "solitary, deserted," past participle of dereliquere "to abandon, forsake, desert," from de- "entirely" + relinquere "leave behind" (see relinquish). Originally especially of vessels abandoned at sea or stranded on shore. As a noun, from 1660s.
dereliction (n.) Look up dereliction at
1590s, "abandonment" (formerly with a wider range than in modern use, such as of the sea withdrawing from the land), from Latin derelictionem (nominative derelictio), noun of action from past participle stem of derelinquere (see derelict). Meaning "failure in duty" is from c. 1830.
deride (v.) Look up deride at
1520s, from Middle French derider, from Latin deridere "to ridicule, laugh to scorn" (see derision). Related: Derided; deriding.
derision (n.) Look up derision at
c. 1400, from Old French derision "derision, mockery" (13c.), from Latin derisionem (nominative derisio), noun of action from past participle stem of deridere "ridicule," from de- "down" (see de-) + ridere "to laugh" (see risible).
derisive (adj.) Look up derisive at
1620s, "characterized by derision," from Latin deris-, past participle stem of deridere (see derision) + -ive. Meaning "ridiculous" is from 1896. Related: Derisively.
derisory (adj.) Look up derisory at
1610s, from Latin derisorius, from derisor "derider," agent noun from deridere (see deride).
derivate (adj.) Look up derivate at
late 15c., from Latin derivatus, past participle of derivare (see derive). From 1650s as a noun.